Oldest Language in the World
A very limited number of languages are attested from before the Bronze Age collapse and the rise of alphabetic writing:Indo-European, the Sumerian, Hurrian, Hattic and Elamite language isolates, Afro-Asiatic in the form of the Egyptian and Semitic languages, Indo-European Tamil (Anatolian languages and Mycenaean Greek), and Sino-Tibetan (Old Chinese). There are a number of undeciphered Bronze Age records, like Proto-Elamite script and Linear Elamite, the Indus script (claimed to record a "Harappan language"), Cretan hieroglyphs and Linear A (encoding a possible "Eteocretan language"), and the Cypro-Minoan syllabary.
There are many ideas in the world of a mother tongue,but over all,according to
linguists,it all points to Sanskrit,and its baby Tamil,the first to break away.
According to recent archaeological evidence, Tamil, spoken in the Indian sub-continent seems to be the oldest language in the world. Archaeologists recently encountered references to rivers that dried up almost 10,000 years ago written in Tamil. It is also believed that Sanskrit, which heavily influenced many European languages also originated from Tamil.
here are also various claims regarding still-undeciphered scripts without wide acceptance, which, if substantiated, would push backward the first attestation of certain languages.
A written record may encode a stage of a language corresponding to an earlier time — either as a result of oral tradition, or because the earliest source is a copy of an older manuscript that was lost. Oral tradition of epic poetry may typically bridge a few centuries, and in rare cases, over a millennium. An extreme case is the Vedic Sanskrit of the Rigveda: the earliest parts of this text are dated to c. 1500 BC, while the oldest known manuscript dates to the 11th century AD, corresponding to a gap of approximately 2,500 years.
The archeological findings in the IVC show that the language used then was some Dravidian language and not Sanskrit. This is one of the major weapons the anti-Hindu/anti-Indian 'scholars' (i.e.Witzel) use to insist that Sanskrit was not indigenous to geographical 'India'; and therefore validating the Aryan Invasion Theory. Sanskrit was obviously a major part of Aryavarta and although that may have included regions currently outside geographical 'India', it was still an integral part of the Subcontinent.
The current explanations and 'scholarly' works are so inadequate and rather marred with blatant eurocentricity that getting a definitive answer seems out of the question. They (western 'scholars') link Sanskrit to some "indo-european" (how convenient) family of languages that apparently pre-dates Sanskrit. Some sources claim that the earliest written source of Sanskrit was ~1500 BCE.
The languages into which the comparative method has delved most deeply are the Indo-European languages, but this may be a function of the fact that comparative linguistics began with Indo-European studies. It remains the case that Proto-Indo-European is the most extensively studied reconstructed protolanguage, and as such may qualify as the oldest language by this criterion. Proto-Indo-European, though, is an academic construct.
Another criterion for determining which is the world's oldest language would be to examine the depth of its written records.
Vedic Sanskrit is the oldest attested language of the Indo-Iranian language family. It is the language of the Vedas, the oldest Shruti texts of Hinduism, compiled over the period of the mid 4th to mid 3rd millennium BCE. It can be said that Sanskrit, Greek, Latin, Hebrew and Tamil are the oldest major languages which are still spoken today.
Sanskrit was also suggested as the best language for use in Computational Linguistics and Artificial Intelligence by NASA. It is the only language in the world which is scientifically precise as was discovered by the NASA scientist Rick Briggs as published in the Artificial Intelligence Magazine
"As we shall see, there was a language spoken among an ancient scientific community that has a deviation of zero. This language is Sanskrit."
It is a language still spoken,and the linguists talk about the "Babel" idea,and see how it has broken off into so many great versions. Some of the very oldest words even pre-date the emergence of the original Indo-European root more than 10,000 years ago.