Hello all. I found a nice competent article in russian blog. I translated it through google translate, but maybe Smolensk can do appropriate translation.
The article is "must to read" - it explains the reality in east Ukraine from military point of view. Google translate didn't let me translate all page - it gave me error. That's why I don't post just google translate link. Have a nice read :)
We used to look at the civil war in the Ukraine with biased position: here are our (fighters for the United Ukraine, Russian patriots underline) - they are good fellows, are always right and therefore will win; the enemies (terrorists, Bandera foshizdy underline) - they are fiends and therefore doomed to fail, so they all soon die and burn in hell. But, in fact, win or lose on the battlefield is only slightly dependent on who professes and what ideology, especially on what is broadcasting zomboyaschik that the most terrible defeat obyaavit easy victory. Therefore I propose to look at the situation detached, taking into account only the military and partly by economic factors.
If you look at the situation superficially, things have militias (separatists) are hopeless: we're coming out to the army-an advantage in armor 5 times, in manpower - 3 times in the artillery - to 10-fold advantage in the supply of the total, in the aviation industry - the absolute (in militia aviation is not). In operational terms, there are two pockets of resistance - Lugansk and Donetsk, between which there is little or no interaction. Structurally from insurgents unlike forces ATO no unified command, reserves, supply system. And then the question arises: why ukroem-army still has not unrolled separable into a pancake?
To answer this question, we need to consider the situation in the dynamics of four months ago, the militias were a motley mob, armed with hunting rifles and guns taken away from the cops. Artillery and armored vehicles they had, they had a negligible number. Nevertheless, ukroem-fighters, even with all indicators preponderance 20-50 / 1 failed to achieve any tangible success.
Yes, spring Kiev defeated political - lost the Crimea, in the capital were busy sharing out of power, they were not up to the Donbass. However, the problem could be solved by force. Could, if Ukraine had an army. But the fact of the matter is that in March-April, the army was not in Kiev. People were in the form of weapon lying in warehouses, storage tanks at bases rusted, aircraft on the ground stood in neat rows, and some even were beautifully painted. But the armed forces capable of carrying out tasks assigned to them, it was not. Simply put, to send into battle was absolutely nobody and nothing to fight, too.
While soldiers were given guns and showed how out shoot them (if someone does not know, the military weapons in peacetime see rarely, and certainly do not like it and do not know how to use it), yet rolled out of the hangar APCs, but found a of them, in principle, capable to drive up to the loading station as received from the warehouses of tents and ammunition, while immersed with grief in half in trains and somewhere to come, the time was hopelessly lost. But even arriving at the theater of war, all these thousands of armed men in the form of have not become army. It was such a disorganized rabble, as well as militia, and at this stage quantitative advantage ukroem-army was not an advantage but a disadvantage. Axiom of military affairs says: The more troops, the most damaging consequences of disorganization.
Actually, for the loss of combat capability is not necessary to engage in battle with the enemy. Not enough to feed three days the soldiers, and the army just run away - the soldiers wander off in areas bartering their weapons for food and warm clothes. And so it happened, so it is still in ukroem-Military: desertion - perhaps the most significant paper losses of personnel.
But the militia in this sense, it was much easier. Firstly, their number was very small, but because they were able to achieve a local organization very quickly. Therefore, it was initially separatists seized the initiative and forced the enemy raiding that manner of fighting, which gave them an advantage, given the great local knowledge and mobility. Yes, in spite of the presence of troops ukroem-considerable number of armored vehicles and even aircraft, militias had greater mobility. They used civilian vehicles, while ukry his armor at best used as a stationary weapon emplacements. Well, even for water and food, they drove an APC.
A very important factor - the presence of team personnel. In ukroem-army officers had a lot of - puzatenky peasants with big stars on their epaulettes and swollen from sitting too long at the table bums, but warlords, ie experts in management of the fight, was not. It's not even the fact that the Ukrainian army is never ever fought. In peacetime, military experts support the professional form through combat training, maneuvers, staff exercises, and so on. D. Ukroem In-army battalion exercises what took place, they even company tactical exercises did not practice because of a lack of funding. For complacency replaced combat training "working off in the classroom." Well, that is sent to the top of paper that the issues worked out in the classroom, even though in reality these classes nobody spent their utter uselessness. Well, or carried out formally.
As a result ukroem officers did not know how the most basic - read a map, use the radio, did not know how to organize patrols, outposts, interact with neighbors and delivery of weapons. I've said nothing about how to conduct a military operation. And quite naturally dolboibizma level commanders have been greater, the longer they were in the army and took up position. Over the 23 years that the Soviet Union ceased to exist almost completely gone generation of Soviet officers who have at least some experience. Today's generals on the decline of the restructuring were young lieutenants. During the time of making a career they are completely forgotten what they were taught in Soviet military academies, and new skills are not acquired for the above reasons.
Militias also in the sense of command cadres lucky just fantastic - one Igor Girkin (arrow) has great practical combat experience than the entire Ukrainian General Staff. To the place came and a former lieutenant colonel of the Russian Army Igor Bezler ("Demon"), adopted in 2003 a Ukrainian citizenship, Alexei Khodakovsky (former commander of the Donetsk "Alpha"). A crucial role played by the Russian volunteers - veterans of the war in Chechnya. Finally, among the volunteers themselves very large contingent of 50-year-old men, and even older, among which are those that have to do some fighting in Afghanistan.
So, at the initial stage of armed confrontation militia, acting under the command of an active experienced commanders, not only inflicted a moral defeat, but also a major contribution to its arsenal by captured military equipment and weapons. I mean things under Slavonic in April-July this year. Of course, ukroem-propaganda desperately vereschit columns of Russian tanks coming to the aid of the separatists, and the hordes of mercenaries GRU FSB, which together with the Chechen gangs of thugs daily by thousands cross the border and join the ranks of the terrorists, but seriously, this verbal diarrhea is not worth taking. Until May-month border was generally under the control of Ukrainian border guards. The number of Russian volunteers fighting in the Donets Basin, is estimated at a maximum of 500 people for all time. This is one battalion in the Army's standards.
Kiev has made a huge mistake, deciding to fight the insurgency, without however a viable army. As a result of inept army and began to rebel principal source of arms and ammunition. Well, something, of course, was captured in warehouses and military units stationed in the Donetsk and Lugansk regions, but it was a weapon, quite frankly, not the most modern. However, even the SKS carbine from the Second World go into business, and anti-tank guns, decommissioned during the Great Patriotic War, though useless against tanks, well Leaky any light armored vehicles.
As a result, we are seeing throughout the conflict the following picture: the number, training and equipping the militia is growing rapidly, while the fighting capacity of the army ukroem-falls. Frantic attempts to increase the number of troops ATO lead to even greater loss of combat capability due to the reasons described above - the completion comes the army has largely demoralized, chaos increases. Ukry reason called it "a betrayal of the summit," but it is a long tradition - to explain the betrayal that is easily understandable cowardice and stupidity. Human parts that could become the backbone for the deployment of the army, are ground in the boilers. Escaped most of these boilers is sent to a mental hospital, where they were, in fact after experiencing the place. 40-year-old "reservists" and 20-year-old conscripts who came to the front for the replacement of ground in the battle parts are weaker than those they replaced.
In general, think about only - militias that began four months ago with the defense lined up awkwardly roadblocks, ambushes and night raids, are the regular army mobile warfare, organize boilers, hold the commanding heights by implementing a counter armored group and operations on the environment! At least half of the Ukrainian Air Force combat-ready forces destroyed. Dynamics of processes strongly in favor of Ukrainian law enforcers.
Yes, most of the DNI and LC controlled punitive group, but from a military point of view, it brings them nothing but harm. Firstly, stretched communication, and forces them to provide clearly not enough, because saboteurs separatists are already in Zaporizhia and Kharkiv regions. Secondly, clutching a ring around insurgents ukry increase their density, to create a continuous front. And the denser the battle formations of the enemy, the harder they are to break through - it's so obvious! On the same conduct offensive operations in ukroem-army general enormous problems.
Inside the arc spanning Donetsk and Lugansk, militias can maneuver forces much faster than the opponent on the outside cover. For this reason, attempts to take the Donetsk and Lugansk in the ring, parried spectacular counterattacks. But ukry can no longer quickly moving forces, for example, to save Debalcevo Izvarinskogo boiler - haul too long turns, and the front has just created it, baring impossible, and that one never knows, again Gunmen in Slovyansk back - shame no end. So encircled Ukrainian command does not help, not because it is cruel and heartless, but because the rescue operation could pose even more terrible defeat. In the meantime, sit encircled in boilers, they somehow engage the considerable strength of the separatists.
Literate from an operational point of view, it does not squeeze out the militia from the area and surrounding pockets of resistance, and ironing them separately. Actually, it acted as the Russian army in Chechnya - blocking groups of separatists and destroying them in the boilers. If they stupidly squeezed into the mountains, the war in the Caucasus was'd probably still. But the Ukrainian army is not able to master even the tactical cooperation on the battlefield, much less able to correctly solve the problems of an operational nature. Ukry quite smoothly released from the Slavic group Strelkova - idiots rejoiced recovery flag over City Hall Slavic, although from an operational point of view, it was a defeat. It was after the reunification with the Donetsk group strelkovtsev DNR began the very maneuverable war, to which the Ukrainian army was totally unprepared, with the result that she has suffered a series of disastrous failures. Law enforcers have failed, pardon the pun, with Slovyansk numerical superiority 15 \ 1. On what they hope for when the balance of forces has changed to 5 \ 1?
Ukroem-fighters were not able to realize even the indisputable advantage of armored forces. Many people, mindful of the fact that a year ago I buried tanks, as irrelevant in modern warfare weapons, trying to challenge my argument: that the early take tanks for scrap, in the civil war in the Ukraine they are actively used by both sides. Question should be put in another way: what is the efficiency of the use of tanks? That is, the more accurate was the southern cauldron in which up more than 3 thousand ukroem-security officials. Here is a narrow bridge at Amvrosiivka. Classic problem - a massive blow to release the tank its force. Ukrainians have at least 2 thousand. Tanks. In building a smaller, but just a couple of hundred there. There is no militia aviation, representing for the tanks the biggest threat, there is a tank group to parry the blow. Well ...? In fact, we see that tank attacks more likely to be ineffective or even impossible initially. Here, they say, if not controlled militia commanding heights - Saur-Tomb, and even if they did not have the trophy "Grad", and even so RPG suddenly ran out, but they have forgotten how to lay land mines, and that the bridge was tankoprohodimymi - then tanks would have shown themselves, ord, ord. Militias quite effectively used tanks from ambush. When they try to operate armored vehicles in the open countryside, it all ends the same way as with the tank under the Slavic raid. In general, "Prokhorovka" near Donetsk wait useless.
As the old military wisdom, it is not the one who fights well, but the one who fights better. One of my friend Colonel, Head of the Department of tactics at the military academy pereinachil it in this fashion: the war importantly - less blunt than the opponent. For him, as a person who has visited the war, stupidity was a strategic factor. Stupidity on the part of Ukrainian strategists give odds over the most stupid warriors. There is an anecdote: God created the Austrian army, and he felt sad. Then he created the Italian army ...
Ukrainian army bozhenka created, not only with the booze. If tactically Ukrainian warriors act clumsily and quickly - illiterate, then stretegicheski - absolutely crazy, what to tell the next time. (Continued).
You can become a slave only by voluntary consent.
I am highly allergic to circumcised souls and red flags with Venusian star on them.