This will be vital for a future colony to survive on Mars, he claims.
The privately-funded Mars One mission plans to have a human settlement on Mars within a decade. Meanwhile, Nasa believes putting man on the red planet will be possible by 2030.
But one of the biggest challenges is providing food to sustain astronauts. Currently its costs nearly £14,000 ($23,000) to send a kilogram of food into space.
To grow the plants, Dr Mautner ground up meteorites to create something closely resembling soil.
‘A variety of soil bacteria, algae, and asparagus and potato tissue cultures grew well in these asteroid/meteorite soils and also in Martian meteorite soils,’ Dr Mautner reported.
His plan is to eventually find several different plants and extraterrestrial soil types that provide the best conditions to farm in space.
‘Given the estimated amounts of asteroid materials shows that these resources can support trillions of humans comfortably in our solar system, and eventually, in billions of other solar systems throughout the galaxy,’ Dr Mautner said.